I was surfing the Googles, looking for a resolution to this issue, and saw a thread here that discussed this same issue last month. I didn't want to bring that thread back (it was a month old; link here if anyone's interested) since it seemed a bit old.
One of the recommendations that I saw there was the ID3 tag might have been using an old version, which would explain why the Droid wasn't recognizing the tag information. Well, using iTunes, I just updated the tags to version 2.4 and put them back on the phone. Lo and behold, it still won't recognize that album.
It's a bit frustrating, since it recognized the other four or five albums I put on there without any problem at all. Any and all recommendations would be greatly appreciated.